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10 Things to Know About Gopher Snakes: Behavior Diet and Habitat

Beware the Gopher Snake: An Informative Guide to Understanding These Reptiles in the Wild

If you live in an area with a warm climate, youve likely heard of gopher snakes before. These non-venomous reptiles are a common sight in many parts of North America and can vary in appearance depending on the species and sub-species.

In this article, we will delve deeper into the world of gopher snakes and share everything you need to know about their behavior, diet, habitat preferences, and more.

Appearance and Behavior

Gopher snakes are diurnal, which means they are most active during early morning and late afternoon when temperatures are at their highest. They are solitary creatures and only interact with other gopher snakes during mating season.

When the cold weather rolls in, these reptiles hibernate and emerge again in the springtime to bask in the sun.

These constrictor snakes have a taste for larger prey and will often feed on small mammals like rats and squirrels.

They are oviparous, which means their eggs must undergo incubation before hatching. Furthermore, gopher snakes display indeterminate growth, which means they will continue to grow as long as they live, potentially reaching lengths of up to seven feet!

If you encounter a gopher snake in the wild, its essential to remember that they are non-venomous.

However, their bite can still be painful if provoked. You can distinguish a gopher snake from a rattlesnake by looking for coiling and tail vibration behaviors, as well as overall distinguishing body characteristics, such as the head shape.

Also, it’s a good idea to wear protective clothing in areas that gopher snakes frequent since they may carry chiggers, fleas, or ticks, which can cause skin irritation.

Diet and Reproduction

Gopher snakes, like all constrictors, will wrap themselves around their prey and squeeze it until it is unconscious or dead. They then swallow it whole and digest it over a few days.

Young gopher snakes will feed on lizards, mice, and small birds, while adults consume larger prey like rabbits. Reproduction in gopher snakes usually occurs in the spring, with females laying anywhere from three to 24 eggs.

Incubation may last for up to two months, depending on temperature and humidity levels. Hatchlings look quite different from adults; they have more vibrant colors and intricate patterns on their skin.

Safety and Identification

Many people may confuse gopher snakes with rattlesnakes due to their similar appearance. However, rattlesnakes have a notable rattle at the end of their tails that gopher snakes lack.

As previously mentioned, gopher snakes will exhibit specific coiling and tail vibration behaviors that can help identify them. Non-venomous or not, its always important to avoid approaching any snake in the wild, as they may feel threatened if cornered and may lash out.

If you live in an area where gopher snakes are common, its good to familiarize yourself with the species’ general behavior and appearance. If youre unsure if a snake youve encountered is a gopher snake or a rattlesnake, its safer to assume the latter and keep your distance.

Attraction and Habitat

Many factors may make your yard an appealing habitat for gopher snakes. These reptiles enjoy living in areas with ample vegetation and dry leaves or grass, as well as spaces with access to rodents and other small mammals for food sources.

If you want to avoid attracting these snakes to your yard, consider keeping it clean and free from any trash or debris that could harbor rodents.

Gopher snakes can also make their way indoors if opportunities present themselves.

These snakes prefer cool and damp places to shelter, and wood piles, basements, and crawl spaces offer the perfect habitat. Keeping your home free from cracks, holes, and open entry points will help prevent them from intruding.

Lastly, its worth mentioning that garter snakes are often confused with gopher snakes due to their similar appearance. Although they share a similar diet and habitat preferences, garter snakes are entirely harmless and can even provide benefits to humans.

They help control insect populations, and their waste can be a natural fertilizer for gardens and landscaping. Garter snakes are much smaller and have slightly different patterns on their skin than gopher snakes.

They also reproduce differently, with some species giving birth to live young rather than laying eggs.


Gopher snakes are fascinating creatures that can make for an interesting addition to your local ecosystem. While they may seem intimidating, its essential to remember that they are non-venomous and generally not aggressive towards humans.

Still, its vital to respect their space and maintain a safe distance if you encounter one in the wild. By doing so, you can appreciate their unique characteristics and remain knowledgeable about how to interact with them safely.

Interacting with Gopher Snakes: Tips for Safe Encounters and Effective Control

Gopher snakes are beneficial reptiles that play a crucial role in their local ecosystems. However, some people may find them unnerving or may want to remove them from their property, especially if they encounter them indoors.

In this article, we will discuss how to interact with gopher snakes safely and how to control their population if necessary.

Encountering Gopher Snakes

If you encounter a gopher snake in the wild, its essential to keep a safe distance. These snakes are not aggressive, and their bite is relatively harmless, but they may feel threatened if cornered or provoked.

Instead, appreciate their contributions to the local ecosystem, such as controlling rodent and small mammal populations, and consider leaving them alone.

On the other hand, some people may wish to adopt gopher snakes as a pet.

However, these snakes require specialized care and may not be the best choice for novice reptile owners. Before adopting a gopher snake, research their specific needs and requirements and ensure that you can provide them with a suitable enclosure, temperature control, and appropriate food sources.

Getting Rid of Gopher Snakes

If you find yourself with a gopher snake infestation in your yard or home, you may want to remove them through various methods. However, its important to note that gopher snakes are protected wildlife in many states, and its illegal to harm or kill them.

Instead, consider non-lethal removal methods.

One option is to use traps, such as cloth or glue boards.

Place these traps in areas where youve seen gopher snakes frequent, such as near pet food or areas with high rodent activity. Check the traps regularly and release the snakes safely and humanely if caught.

Once you release the snake, be sure to relocate it to a nearby natural area that is far from human activity.

Its also important to avoid using repellents or chemical control methods with gopher snakes.

These methods may harm other beneficial wildlife in the area and may not be effective in controlling gopher snake populations. Instead, focus on removing attractants like trash or rodents and keeping your property well-maintained and clean.

By doing so, you can reduce the likelihood of encountering gopher snakes and other unwanted intruders.

Benefits and Sources

While gopher snakes may seem like a pest to some, they are actually beneficial to farmers and gardeners. These snakes help control rodent populations, which can cause significant damage to crops and vegetation.

Additionally, gopher snakes are a part of a diverse ecosystem and play an important role in maintaining balance.

If you want to learn more about gopher snakes and their behavior, the Animal Diversity Web is an excellent resource.

This online database provides detailed information about different snake species and their behavior patterns. Additionally, the USDA and Mississippi State University Extension offer extensive information on gopher snakes and their control methods.

In conclusion, gopher snakes are fascinating creatures that can make for excellent additions to the ecosystem. However, if you find them on your property, its essential to interact with them safely and use humane, non-lethal control methods if necessary.

With a bit of knowledge and preparation, you can appreciate these reptiles’ contributions while keeping your home and property free from unwanted guests. Overall, understanding gopher snakes’ behavior, diet, habitat preferences, and control methods is essential for anyone living in areas where these reptiles are common.

While they may appear intimidating, gopher snakes are non-venomous and have a beneficial role in their local ecosystems, such as controlling rodent populations. By interacting with them safely and using humane control methods, you can appreciate their unique characteristics while keeping your property and family safe.

It’s crucial to educate yourself about these reptiles’ significance, and by doing so, you can coexist peacefully with gopher snakes and contribute to a more natural and diverse environment.

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