Pest Away Tips

5 Effective Ways to Get Rid of Blow Flies in Your Home or Business

Blow Flies and How to Get Rid of Them

As summer approaches, it is not just the warm weather and longer days that arrive. Unfortunately, this season also welcomes unwanted pests, including blow flies and flesh flies.

While these insects may seem harmless, they pose significant health risks and need to be dealt with promptly. This article will discuss how to get rid of blow flies from your home or business to keep you and your family safe.

Blow Flies and Their Similarities With Flesh Flies

Blow flies belong to the family Calliphoridae and are known as the bluebottle fly or greenbottle fly. They are commonly found all over the world, and their name is derived from their habit of feeding on and laying their eggs on meat, carrion, and decaying organic matter.

Flesh flies, on the other hand, belong to the family Sarcophagidae and are similar to blow flies in their feeding habits, as they are often found on rotting meat or flesh. Both species are relatively easy to recognize due to their bright metallic or shiny green color.

Health Risks Posed by Blow Flies

Blow flies are known to be potential vectors for disease and can act as carriers of harmful bacteria such as E. coli and Salmonella.

If these flies come into contact with food or cooking equipment in your kitchen, the risk of contamination is high. A bite or sting from a blow fly can also lead to infections.

In addition, blow flies and flesh flies can lay their eggs in animal carcasses, creating ideal conditions for the growth of bacteria, which can spread diseases such as botulism.

Need to Get Rid of Blow Flies

Getting rid of blow flies is essential for anyone’s home or business to avoid significant health risks. However, it is essential to understand that blow flies do not invade homes unless they sense a food source.

Finding the source of blow flies is crucial to prevent new flies from emerging. Blow flies usually lay their eggs in animal carcasses or garbage, and they can fly up to a mile to find their next meal.

It is, therefore, important to take preventive measures to avoid attracting flies in the first place.

How to Get Rid of Blow Flies

Immediate Disposal of Animal Carcasses

If you suspect that a nearby animal has died, it is best to dispose of the carcass immediately to prevent flies from breeding. In case it is a large animal, notify your local council or waste management company for assistance.

Regular Cleaning

Regular cleaning of surfaces you come in contact with frequently and areas that are hard to reach is essential. Ensure that dishes are washed, and garbage is removed frequently, as they can attract blow flies.

It is also advisable to use organic cleaning agents that will not attract flies.

Eliminate Food Sources

Blow flies will go where the food is. You can reduce the chances of attracting blow flies by sealing all food containers tightly and ensuring that you put all leftover food in the fridge.

Do not leave food out for too long. Regular cleaning of your kitchen and bathrooms will also ensure that blow fly populations don’t thrive in these areas.

Final Thoughts

Blow flies have the potential to be harmful to both humans and animals, and it is vital to keep these pests under control. Whether you’re a homeowner or run a business, it is essential to take preventive measures to avoid attracting blow flies to your living or working environment.

By following the guidelines mentioned in this article, you will be able to keep your environment safe from blow flies, ensuring a safe and clean environment for you and your family or customers. What Are Blow Flies?

Blow flies belong to the Calliphoridae family, which is part of the Diptera Order, commonly known as the true flies. These flies play a crucial role in forensic entomology, the study of insects’ involvement in legal cases.

They are significant in determining the post-mortem interval of a corpse.

Other Names for Blow Flies

Blow flies are also known as bottle flies due to their bottle-shaped bodies that end in a pointed tail. They are also called greenbottle flies and bluebottle flies because of the metallic hues in their bodies.

Number of Species and Importance in Forensic Entomology

There are over 1,000 known species of blow flies worldwide, making the Calliphoridae family one of the most diverse and widespread families of insects. As mentioned earlier, blow flies are important in forensic entomology because of their behavior and lifecycle.

They quickly colonize a dead body after death, becoming the first insects to do so. By studying how they infest a corpse, forensic scientists can determine the approximate time of death.

What Does a Blow Fly Look Like? Blow flies are medium to large-sized flies, with most species measuring between 8 to 12 mm in length.

They have distinctive bright metallic or shiny green body color, and their wings usually have bold patterns that vary in appearance from one species to another.

Physical Characteristics of Adult Blow Flies

Adult blow flies have a distinctive appearance, which makes them easy to identify. Their bodies are stocky, and their heads have a distinct proboscis that extends forward to suck out the fluids from carrion.

They also have large, bright eyes on either side of their heads. Their antennae are short and rounded, with two segments, and they have three pairs of legs that are covered in small spines.

Appearance of Blow Fly Larvae and Pupae

Blow fly larvae, commonly known as maggots, are slender and worm-like in appearance. They are legless and have pointed heads with a mouth that they use to feed on the carrion’s tissues.

As they increase in size, they molt several times and pupate in a dark, dry spot where they can transform into adult blow flies. Blow fly pupae are small, barrel-shaped structures that resemble grains of brown rice.

They usually remain in their pupal cases for about a week before emerging as adult blow flies.

Final Thoughts

Blow flies may seem like an insignificant part of the insect world, but they have an essential role in forensic entomology. Their ability to colonize a dead body almost immediately after death make them valuable in determining time of death, and studying their behavior can reveal many valuable insights to investigators.

Despite being harmful to humans and dangerous to human health, it is important to appreciate their unique role in the ecosystem and learn how to control and manage their population in a humane manner.

Life Cycle of a Blow Fly

The life cycle of a blow fly has four developmental stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. These stages are relatively short, and a fly’s life cycle can be completed within a matter of weeks.

Blow Fly Eggs, Larval Stages, and Prepupal Stage

A female blow fly will typically lay her eggs on carrion or some other decomposing organic matter. The eggs are small, white, and cylindrical, and they hatch within 24 hours of being laid.

Once the eggs hatch, the larvae emerge and begin feeding on the organic matter. Blow fly larvae are worm-like in appearance, and they molt as they grow and develop.

The larvae will go through three instars, shedding their skin each time before entering the prepupal stage. The prepupal stage is a short stage that is the transition phase between the larval stage and the pupal stage.

During this stage, the larva transforms into a pupa. The pupa is a hard, shiny, brown case that develops around the larva.

The pupal stage is a critical stage in the blow fly’s development as it is during this stage that the fly will transform into an adult.

Adult Stage and Reproductive Characteristics

The adult blow fly will generally emerge from the pupa within 3-6 days, depending on temperature and species. During this stage, the fly will begin feeding on nectar or other sugary substances to build up its energy reserves.

Once the adult blow fly has fed and mated, it will lay its eggs on organic matter, starting the cycle over again. Female blow flies are capable of laying up to 2000 eggs in their lifetime, with each female laying a few hundred eggs during their lifetime.

The number of eggs laid varies depending on the blow fly species and environmental conditions. How Fast Do Blow Flies Reproduce?

The length of a blow fly’s life cycle under ideal conditions can vary depending on the species and environment. However, the life cycle from egg to adult can take as little as 10 days at warm temperatures.

The optimal temperature for blow fly development is around 30C, resulting in a faster development compared to cooler temperatures. A single female blow fly can lay hundreds of eggs, and under favorable temperatures, they can hatch within 24 hours.

The larvae will go through instars, and when fully grown, they will enter the prepupal stage, where they transform into a pupa. The pupal stage is the critical period of blow fly development as the pupa transforms into an adult within three to six days.

Blow fly growth is poikilothermic, meaning their growth rate is dependent on temperature. However, there are variations in the rate of development, with some species taking longer than others to complete their life cycle.

The growth rate of blow flies is also impacted by environmental factors such as humidity and sunlight exposure.

Final Thoughts

Blow flies are remarkable creatures with a unique life cycle of four developmental stages. They are vital to the ecosystem as they help to break down and decompose organic matter.

However, blow flies can become a threat to human health when their population grows in uncontrolled conditions. Understanding the blow fly life cycle and reproductive characteristics is essential to controlling their population and preventing an infestation in human habitats.

Proper waste disposal methods, regular cleaning, and hygiene practices can significantly reduce the risk of blow fly infestation. Where Do Blow Flies Live?

Blow flies are found all over the world and can survive in various environments. They are well adapted to different habitats and can easily thrive in urban environments and indoors.

They are attracted to decaying organic matter, which makes them highly adaptable to different environments.

Adaptability to Various Environments

Blow flies are one of the most adaptable animals in the world, with the ability to survive in extreme temperatures and different environments. Although they typically inhabit wooded areas and open fields, they can be found in many urban environments, including houses, restaurants, grocery stores, and garbage dumps.

They are also known to thrive in industrialized areas, landfill sites, and waste treatment facilities.

Presence in Urban Environments and Indoors

Blow flies are often found indoors, particularly when they detect a food source. These pests usually breed on dead animals or pet droppings before migrating indoors.

In these cases, they settle in the corners of rooms and areas where there is a buildup of waste or decaying organic matter. Blow flies love warm and humid environments, and indoor areas such as kitchens and bathrooms provide the ideal conditions for their survival.

Other Sources of Food Aside from Dead Animals

Although blow flies are known to feed primarily on carrion and decaying organic matter, they are also attracted to other sources of food, including fruit, sugary substances, and nectar. In some cases, this makes blow flies useful as pollinators because they help spread pollen while feeding on flowers.

Blow flies are drawn to fermented, sweet-smelling substances, and are known to feed on ripening fruits, such as strawberries and bananas. What Do Blow Flies Eat?

Blow flies feed on a variety of food sources, including carrion, dead animals, pet droppings, fruits, and sugary substances. Their larvae feed on the same food sources as adult blow flies and can often be found on pet feces or buried animal carcasses.

Adult blow flies prefer liquid or semi-liquid substances and typically feed on nectar, plant sap, and fruits that are past their prime.

Main Diet and Other Food Sources

The main diet of blow flies is carrion, which includes dead animals, meat scraps, and animal droppings. They are usually the first insects to colonize a decaying carcass and can lay eggs on it within minutes of the animal’s death.

Blow fly larvae feed on the organic matter while adult blow flies scavenge for other sources of food.

Blow flies are also attracted to sweet-smelling substances, making them useful as pollinators.

They are known to feed on flowers, particularly those that produce large quantities of nectar, including goldenrod, ironweed, and asters. Blow flies can also feed on sugary liquids such as juice, syrup, and honey.

Usefulness as Pollinators

Although blow flies are often considered pests, they are also useful as pollinators. Their feeding habits make them excellent pollinators as they visit flowers to feed on nectar and collect pollen.

Their fuzzy bodies help collect and spread pollen while they move between flowers in search of nectar. In some cases, they are more active pollinators than bees or butterflies because they are often active in cooler temperatures or overcast weather.

Final Thoughts

Blow flies are remarkable creatures that are adapted to various environments and have different food sources. Although they are often considered pests, they serve a vital role in the ecosystem as decomposers and pollinators.

Understanding the habitats and habits of blow flies are critical to controlling their population and preventing infestations in human habitats. Employing proper sanitation and waste disposal methods, regular cleaning, and hygiene practices can significantly reduce the risk of blow fly infestation.

What Are Blow Flies Attracted to? Blow flies are attracted to specific scents, which makes them the ideal scavengers for decomposing organic matter.

Some of the main attractants of blow flies include garbage, rotten meat, and plants with rotten smells.

Main Attractants of Blow Flies

Garbage is a significant attractant of blow flies since it is a source of decomposing organic matter. Blow flies are attracted to the smell that comes from rotting food, meat scraps, and other organic waste.

Once they find a source of garbage, they will lay their eggs immediately to take advantage of the available nutrients.

Decaying meat is another potent attractant of blow flies.

Blow flies have an exceptional sense of smell, allowing them to detect the smell of decaying flesh from a considerable distance. Once they find a source of decaying meat, they will lay their eggs on it so that their larvae can feed on the meat.

The larvae can consume enormous amounts of decaying flesh, making them excellent decomposers.

Attraction to Plants with Rotten Smells

In addition to garbage and rotten meat, blow flies are also attracted to plants with rotten smells, such as those that produce flowers that smell like rotten meat. These plants produce chemical compounds that mimic the smell of decomposing flesh to attract pollinators, including blow flies.

This adaptation allows the plants to attract flies and increase their chances of pollination while providing a food source for the larvae of blow flies. What Causes Blow Flies in the House?

Blow flies can infest a home or business due to various reasons, the primary ones being poor sanitation and waste disposal practices. Entering a home makes sense to a blow fly when they sense a potential food source.

Reasons Why Blow Flies Enter Homes

The primary reason why blow flies enter homes is to find a source of food. Blow flies are attracted to food that is left out in the open, stale or decaying.

Garbage cans, pet food, and uncovered trash are all common food sources for blow flies. Blow flies can also enter homes in search of a suitable place to lay their eggs.

They are attracted to pet feces, animal carcasses, and other forms of decomposing organic matter.

Entry Points for Blow Flies

Blow flies can enter a

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