Pest Away Tips

6 Effective Methods to Control Pesky House and Fruit Flies

The Annoying House Fly and the Pesky Fruit Fly: Identification, Habits, and Control Methods

No one likes having flies buzzing around their home, whether it’s the persistent house fly that seems to always find a way in or the annoying fruit fly that appears out of nowhere. These pests are not only an eyesore but can also pose health risks.

In this article, we will discuss the identification, habits, and control methods of house flies and fruit flies.

Identification of House Flies and

Fruit Flies

House Flies

House flies, scientifically known as Musca domestica, are common insect pests that can be found worldwide. They were thought to originate from Central Asia and were transported to other parts of the world due to human trade and travel.

These pests have the ability to rapidly spread, making them one of the most prevalent insects in the world. House flies are about 6-7mm in length with a grey thorax and yellow abdomen.

They have two wings that are transparent with visible veins. You can easily identify them by their dark stripes on the thorax, which overlap at the center of the back.

Fruit Flies

Fruit flies, also known as gnats or Drosophila melanogaster, are tiny insects that measure 3-4mm in length and have a tan to brownish-yellow body color. They have prominent red eyes and translucent wings.

Fruit flies are significantly smaller than house flies, and while they can be found worldwide, they thrive in warm and humid environments. They are typically drawn to fermenting or decaying fruits and vegetables.

Where House Flies Come From

As mentioned earlier, house flies were thought to originate from Central Asia and have since spread to other parts of the world. They reproduce rapidly, and a single female can lay up to 600 eggs in her lifetime.

The eggs hatch into larvae that feed on decaying matter, garbage, sewage, and even farm animals. House flies can be found indoors and outdoors, and they tend to stay close to their food source.

They enter homes through open doors, windows, or any other opening they can find.

Characteristics of House Flies

House flies are known for their association with garbage and other decaying matter. They are attracted to human and animal waste and can pick up disease-causing pathogens.

This makes them a significant health hazard, as they can transmit diseases like cholera and typhoid fever. House flies have a short lifespan of around 30 days and reproduce rapidly, making it essential to keep their population under control.

They are particularly active during the summer months and tend to gather around windows and doors.

Control Methods for House Flies

The most effective way to control house flies is through sanitation. This involves keeping your home and surrounding environment clean, dry, and free of decaying matter.

Always cover food and dispose of garbage properly. Remove any standing water in and around your home.

Sticky traps and light traps are effective tools for capturing house flies. These traps lure the pests using attractive scents and colors and capture them on a sticky surface or through an electric shock.

Screens on windows and doors can also prevent entry into your home.

Fruit Flies

Fruit flies are particularly known for their attraction to overripe fruit and vegetables. They can also be found breeding in drains, shop rags, and even recycling bins.

Habits and Breeding Sites of

Fruit Flies

Fruit flies have a short lifespan of around 8-10 days, but they reproduce very quickly. Female fruit flies can lay up to 500 eggs at a time.

The eggs hatch into larvae that feed on the fermenting matter in the fruit. Fruit flies are often found around kitchens and compost bins.

They can easily infest homes by hitching a ride on fruits and vegetables purchased from the market. Control Methods for

Fruit Flies

The most effective way to control fruit flies in your home is to get rid of their breeding sites. Clean drains and compost bins regularly and dispose of any overripe fruit or vegetables.

Traps are also effective tools for capturing fruit flies. You can make a simple trap using apple cider vinegar and a drop of dish soap.

The vinegar attracts the flies, while the soap breaks the surface tension, causing them to drown.


In conclusion, house flies and fruit flies are common insect pests that can be found in many homes. They can pose significant health risks and should be controlled to prevent their rapid spread.

Sanitation, traps, and screens can help keep their population under control, making them less of a nuisance in your home. By being proactive in preventing the breeding and spread of these pests, you can maintain a sanitarily clean living environment.

Keep your surroundings clean and dispose of garbage properly. By following these simple steps, you can enjoy a pest-free home all-year-round.

Flies are a common insect pest in our homes, and they can pose significant health risks. House flies and fruit flies are the most common types of flies, and they can breed and multiply quickly.

Although there are various fly control methods available in the market, using several preventative methods can help keep the population in check. In addition to the methods discussed in the earlier section, this article expands on sanitation and cleaning methods, cultural control, and trapping methods to further control flies.

Sanitation and Cleaning to Prevent Fly Infestation

Good sanitation and cleaning habits are effective ways to keep flies at bay. Its essential to identify where flies breed and hatch their eggs and keep these areas clean.

You can achieve good sanitation by ensuring that the following areas are always clean:

Clean House

Keeping a clean house can go a long way in preventing a fly infestation. Dont leave food out in open containers overnight, and ensure that the food is covered and stored correctly.

Remove Decaying Matter

Soup kitchens, landfills, and other waste handling facilities should ensure that they properly collect and dispose of waste. Decaying organic matter, such as rotting fruit, vegetables, and animal feces, attracts flies.

Dog Droppings

Dog feces provide an ideal breeding ground for flies. Therefore, it is critical to clean up after your dog and dispose of the waste properly.

Hummingbird Food

If you have hummingbird feeders, clean and change them regularly to prevent the buildup of mold and bacteria. This will minimize the potential attraction of fruit flies.

Wipe Down Garbage Cans

Garbage cans must be kept clean, and all potential food sources must be sealed correctly. Flies are attracted to the moist and organic material found in garbage.

Therefore, its essential to ensure that your garbage cans are rinsed, cleaned, and disinfected regularly.

Cultural Control Methods to Deter Flies

Cultural control methods refer to changing the environment around the fly’s breeding and feeding sites. By removing the fly’s food and water sources, you are encouraging them to relocate.

Close Off Food and Water Sources

Flies need a reliable source of food and water to thrive. To discourage them from setting up their breeding site, dispose of food scraps and wastewater properly.

Pick up fallen fruit and vegetables from your garden or trees around your houseRegularly clean standing water and mop up spills.

Use Scents Flies Hate

One effective method is using scents that flies dislike. Essential oils such as lavender, eucalyptus, mint, and basil can be effective in repelling flies.

You can try crushing the leaves or adding a few drops of the essential oil to a cotton ball and leaving it around your house. Trapping Methods for Both House Flies and

Fruit Flies

Traps are an effective way to reduce populations of both house flies and fruit flies. There are various types of traps available in the market, but some of them may not be effective.

The following is a breakdown of some of the most effective traps:

Sticky Traps

Sticky traps are commonly used for house flies. They use attractive scents such as sugar and rotting meat to lure the flies.

Once the flies come into contact with the glue, they are stuck and cant escape.

Light Traps

Light traps use ultraviolet light to attract flies, and once the flies get in contact with the light, they are electrocuted. These types of traps are not recommended for outdoor use since they can also attract beneficial insects.

Apple Cider Vinegar Trap

Fruit flies are attracted to apple cider vinegar. To make an apple cider vinegar trap, mix two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar with a few drops of dish soap.

Place the solution in a shallow dish or jar and cover it with plastic wrap. Poke small holes in the top of the wrap, and the flies are attracted to the vinegar and are trapped in the dish.

Funnel Trap

A funnel trap can be made using a plastic bottle. Cut off the top of the bottle and invert the half bottle into the bottom half.

Pour a small amount of fruit juice or vinegar into the bottom half of the bottle. The aroma attracts the flies, and once they enter the funnel, they cant escape.


By using sanitation and cleaning, cultural control, and trapping methods, you can keep fly populations under control. Identifying and removing the source of the fly’s breeding and food sources is essential in preventing an infestation.

Using scents flies hate, sticky traps, light traps, apple cider vinegar traps, and funnel traps are all effective ways to trap and eliminate pesky flies. With a combination of these control methods, you can enjoy a fly-free environment.

In conclusion, controlling fly populations requires several preventative measures that are easy to implement in your day-to-day life. By maintaining good sanitation practices, changing the environment to discourage breeding, and using effective trapping methods, you can minimize the fly’s population around your home.

Without proper control measures, flies can be more than just a nuisance; they can pose significant health risks and wreak havoc on your daily routine. It’s essential to be proactive in implementing preventative measures to ensure you and your loved one’s health and wellbeing.

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