Pest Away Tips

7 Early Signs of Bed Bug Infestation: How to Find and Identify Them

Bed bugs are not just creepy-looking, but they are also a major annoyance for homes and commercial properties. They are tiny bloodsucking insects that can easily hide and reproduce, making it difficult to control their infestation.

The more we know about them, the better we can prevent and manage their spread.

In this article, we will discuss how to find and identify bed bugs, as well as the seven early signs of bed bugs.

By the end of this article, you will be well equipped with the knowledge and tools to protect your home or business from these pesky bugs.

How to find and identify bed bugs

The first step in controlling the spread of bed bugs is to be able to identify them and their signs. Below are some key areas where bed bugs usually hide or leave traces.

Bed bug signs

Bedrooms are bed bugs’ favorite places to hang out because the warm temperature and availability of human blood make it an ideal breeding ground. Here are some clues that bed bugs are present in a room:

– Headboards: Inspect the seams and edges of headboards for any signs of bed bugs.

– Underneath the bed: Check underneath the bed and the box spring, including the bed frame and legs. – Bedside tables: Look inside the drawers and underneath the table.

– Behind dressers: Check the back of the dresser and the spaces between the drawers. – Ceiling/wall junctions: Inspect the corners of the ceiling and the wall.

– Loose wallpaper or paneling: Look for gaps in the wallpaper or paneling where bed bugs may hide. – In the closet: Check your clothes and shoes for signs of bed bugs.

– Creases or crevices: Pay attention to any small crevices in the upholstery, curtains, and even lampshades. – Baseboards: Look for any cracks or small openings in the baseboards.

– Mattress seams: Inspect the seams of the mattress. – Personal belongings: Finally, check any personal belongings, such as bags, books, or electronics that have been left in the room.

Bed bug identification

Adult bed bugs are oval in shape and about the size of an apple seed. They usually have a reddish-brown color and a flat body.

Immature bed bugs are smaller and are of a lighter color.

Bed bug eggs are pearly white and around one millimeter long.

They are usually found in clusters and are about the size of a dime. Here are some other signs that bed bugs leave behind:

– Clusters: Bed bugs tend to aggregate and hide together in groups.

– Aggregations: They tend to hide in small groups in areas close to human blood supply. – Exoskeletons: When bed bugs molt, they leave behind translucent exoskeletons.

– Feces: They excrete their waste that forms dark brown or black spots on surfaces.

Seven early signs of bed bugs

Now that you have an idea of where to find bed bugs and what they look like, let’s dive in to the seven early signs that bed bugs are present:

Bed bug bites

Bed bug bites usually appear as flat, red welts in zigzag lines or clusters. They can be extremely itchy and may lead to scratching, which, in turn, can cause a secondary infection.

Blood stains

Bed bugs feed on human blood, leaving behind rust-colored spots on sheets, mattresses, and pajamas. These stains are a result of the bugs being crushed or the bugs’ excrement left behind while they are feeding.

Fecal spots

Bed bugs excrete liquid waste that trails behind them, forming tiny dark brown or black specks on surfaces. Fresh feces appear as smears when touched.

Bed bug shells or molted skins

As bed bugs grow, they shed their exoskeletons or outer shells. These shells or skins are found in clusters usually near the bed bug’s hiding spots and have a translucent appearance.

Bed bug eggs

Immature bed bugs lay eggs in clusters, usually in crevices and cracks. Unpleasant, musty odor

A large number of bed bugs can cause an unpleasant, musty odor in a room.

The smell is caused by pheromones that bed bugs release.

Live bed bugs

Another sign of a bed bug infestation is seeing the bugs themselves. Bed bugs are nocturnal insects and are hard to spot during the day.

At night, they are attracted to carbon dioxide and can be found near human prey.


In conclusion, bed bugs can be a nightmare to deal with, but with proper identification and early detection, you can prevent and manage their spread. Knowing the signs of bed bugs, such as the creepy crawlies themselves, fecal spots, blood stains, along with the right place to look for them, you can take appropriate measures to rid them of your home.

Remember to start with a thorough inspection of your home, and regularly check your belongings and surroundings to prevent a bed bug infestation from happening. If you have recently seen signs of bed bugs in your home, don’t panic.

While bed bugs can be a nuisance, there are methods you can take to combat their infestation. To start, it’s essential to adopt a strategic approach to contain their spread and eliminate them properly.

Combating bed bug infestation

If you suspect that you have a bed bug infestation, it’s crucial to act quickly to prevent the problem from getting worse. While it’s challenging to eradicate bed bugs entirely, employing multiple methods will increase your chances of removing them from your home.

Below are some key steps to take:

1. Inspect your home: The first step in combating bed bugs is to thoroughly inspect your home.

It is essential to locate all bed bugs’ locations, including their eggs and nymphs, and evaluate the level of infestation. 2.

Use heat treatment: Heat treatment is an effective way to kill bed bugs and their eggs. It involves raising the temperature of an area to a level that is lethal to bed bugs.

3. Use pesticides: Pesticides can also be useful in eradicating bed bugs.

However, it is essential to follow the manufacturer’s instructions and use the appropriate amount for maximum effectiveness. 4.

Vacuum your home: Vacuuming can help remove bed bugs, their eggs, and other debris from your home. Focus on areas like the mattress, bed frame, and upholstered furniture.

5. Launder your clothes and bed linens: High heat can also kill bed bugs, so make sure to wash and dry your clothes and bed linens in hot water and dry them on the highest heat setting possible.

Contacting a professional

While it’s possible to combat bed bugs on your own, it’s often best to contact a bed bug control professional. A knowledgeable and trained professional can use time-tested bed bug control methods that are both effective and safe.

Below are some reasons to consider contacting a professional:

1. Inspection: A professional can inspect your home carefully and identify all areas infested with bed bugs.

They can also recommend the appropriate course of action to eliminate the problem. 2.

Quote: A bed bug control professional can provide you with a comprehensive quote that takes into account the level of infestation, the size of your home, and other factors. This quote can help you budget appropriately.

3. Get rid of bed bugs: By engaging the services of a bed bug control professional, you can improve your chances of getting rid of bed bugs entirely.

They can employ multiple methods to eliminate all bed bugs, including their eggs and nymphs. 4.

Time-saving: Bed bug control can be time-consuming, so hiring a professional to do the job can save you a lot of time and hassle. 5.

Effective treatment: Professional bed bug control methods have been proven to be more effective than DIY approaches. In summary, combating bed bug infestation involves adopting a strategic approach that includes multiple methods of dealing with the problem.

If you require professional assistance in eliminating bed bugs from your home, don’t hesitate to contact a bed bug control professional. They can help you get rid of bed bugs thoroughly and effectively, giving you peace of mind.

In conclusion, bed bugs are not just creepy-crawlies but also a nuisance to deal with. Identifying and spotting signs of their infestation is crucial to prevent their spread in your home or business.

By using the key places to look for bed bug signs, such as the bedroom, bedside tables, in the closet, and personal belongings, you can take appropriate measures to get rid of bed bugs and keep them at bay. If the infestation becomes more severe, it’s best to contact a professional to eliminate them thoroughly and effectively using time-tested bed bug control methods.

The sooner you take action, the better your chances of containing the problem and protecting your home from bed bugs’ impact.

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