Pest Away Tips

7 Essential Steps to Prevent and Treat Bed Bugs and Lice Infestations

Beware of Bed Bugs and Lice: Identifying, Preventing and Treating


Do you often find yourself scratching your head or body, but don’t know the reason why? You might have bed bugs or lice living with you! These tiny creatures are parasites that feed on human blood, causing discomfort and even health problems.

Bed bugs and lice infestations can be very stubborn, but they can be eliminated. In this article, we will provide you with essential information to identify, prevent, and treat bed bugs and lice infestations.

Bed Bugs: Identifiers and Reasons for


Bed bugs are small, wingless insects that feed on human blood. They are oval and flat, with a dark brown/black color and measure around 5mm-7mm in length.

Bed bugs are known to be nocturnal, and they hide in cracks and crevices during the day. They tend to feed on their host’s exposed skin, leaving itchy, red marks.

If you wake up to tiny bites that you can’t explain, it might be a sign of a bed bug infestation. Bed bugs can be found anywhere, from hotels to dormitories, and from airplanes to your own bed.

They are excellent hitchhikers, and they are infamous for stowing away in infected luggage, contaminated clothing, or used beds/furniture. It’s common to find bed bugs in high population density areas, such as apartment buildings, hospitals, and shelters.

Lice: Identifiers and Reasons for


Lice are tiny sesame seed-sized insects that live on the body of their human hosts. There are three types of lice, head lice, body lice, and pubic lice, each of which is specific to different areas of the body.

Lice require shelter to survive, and they are unlike bed bugs in that they cannot survive off the human body. Direct contact with an infected person, such as sharing hairbrushes, clothing, or headgear, is the primary reason for lice infestations.

Transmission through clothing, carpets, or furniture is relatively rare. The itching sensation caused by lice results from their saliva, which causes discomfort and skin irritation.

How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs and Lice

Bed Bug Treatment

Before starting the treatment, the first thing to do is to assess the extent of the bed bug infestation. This will enable you to decide on the best course of action.

Here are some ways to eliminate bed bugs:

1. Vacuum the area to remove bed bugs, eggs, and shed skin.

2. Dispose of the bed bugs and their eggs in tightly sealed plastic bags or containers.

This will prevent further infestation. 3.

Wash and dry the infested clothes, bedding, and linens at high temperatures. This will kill bed bugs and their eggs.

4. Clean infested furniture, carpets, and baseboards with soap and water.

This will eliminate bed bugs and their eggs. 5.

Use EPA-approved insecticides to kill bed bugs. Make sure to follow the instructions properly.

6. Install a bug-proof bed cover to prevent further bed bug infestations.

7. Continue treating the area until there is no new bed bug activity for at least a week.

Lice Treatment

Lice treatment can be challenging because they can be resistant to some chemicals. Here are some ways to remove lice from your body:


Use lice combs or related tools to remove lice. Lice combs are fine tooth combs that can remove lice and their eggs effectively.

2. Use insecticide shampoos, body washes, oral medications, or topical treatments to kill the lice.

Choose an FDA-approved product designed explicitly for lice. 3.

Wash clothes, bedding, and linens at high temperatures to eliminate the lice.

Prevention Is Better Than Cure

Preventing bed bugs and lice infestations is essential. Here are some steps you can take to prevent these pests from infesting your home:


Check for bed bugs in hotel rooms or other accommodation before staying there, especially in the seams of the mattress, box spring, and bed frame. 2.

Wash clothes, bedding, and linens at high temperatures to prevent the spread of lice. 3.

Avoid sharing brushes, combs, hats, helmets, clothes, and towels. 4.

Be mindful of high population density areas and avoid contact with potential carriers of bed bugs and lice. 5.

Regularly check and clean your home and belongings to prevent infestations.


Bed bugs and lice are common parasitic pests that can cause discomfort and even health problems. Identifying them, treating them, and preventing their infestations are crucial steps to keep yourself and your loved ones safe and healthy.

Remember to assess the extent of the infestation, vacuum, dispose of, clean, and use insecticides to eliminate bed bugs, and to use lice combs, insecticides, and wash linens, clothes, and bedding at high temperatures to get rid of lice.

Prevention is better than cure, so take steps like regularly checking and cleaning your home, avoiding contact with potential carriers, and being mindful of high population density areas to prevent infestations.

With these steps in mind, you can have a pest-free environment and enjoy a happier and healthier lifestyle. Bed bugs and lice are two common parasitic insects that can be annoying and uncomfortable.

While they share similarities in their behavior as parasites, they have different appearances, behaviors, and modes of transmission. In this article, we will discuss their differences, the relative harmlessness of these pests, and measures that can be taken to prevent infestations.

Behavior and Appearance

Bed bugs and lice share their status as blood-sucking parasites, but their appearances and behaviors are different. Bed bugs are small, wingless insects measuring around 5-7mm in length.

They are oval, flat, and dark brown/black in color, with a reddish tint after feeding. Bed bugs inhabit primarily bed frames, seams, and mattresses, where they can feed on their hosts at night.

They do not burrow, but instead travel between surfaces to find their next meal. In contrast, lice are tiny sesame seed-sized insects with small claws that enable them to cling tightly to their human hosts’ hair, clothing, or skin.

They have a six-legged crawling behavior, unlike bed bugs that crawl through contact with surfaces. Lice have three subspecies: head lice, body lice, and pubic lice, each adapted to surviving in different body regions.


Bed bugs and lice have different life cycles and infestation durations. Bed bugs’ life cycle involves five developmental stages: eggs, nymphs, and adults.

The eggs hatch in around six to ten days, and the nymphs take around 5-6 weeks to develop into adults. Bed bugs can live for several weeks without a human host, making it hard to detect infestations from an active colony.

Lice, on the other hand, have a shorter life span, ranging between 30-40 days. They cannot survive for more than two days without a human host, which means that lice infestations are acquired through direct communication or sharing of personal items with an infected person.


Bed bugs and lice do not pose a major threat to human health. Besides the physical discomfort associated with bites, neither bed bugs nor lice are known to harbor or transmit disease.

In extreme cases of severe infestations, anemia, and bacterial infections may result from scratching bites or from the unsanitary conditions that result from an unkempt environment or infected outfits.


Good preventative pest control measures and hygiene practices can help prevent bed bugs and lice infestations. Here are some essential tips that can help prevent infestations:

1) Regularly vacuuming floors, carpets, and upholstery, particularly in areas frequented by humans.

2) Inspecting secondhand furniture or mattresses before bringing them into your home to avoid beds that may harbor the residual pest population. 3) Wearing tight-fitting clothes or caps when in high-risk areas, such as schools or public transit.

4) Avoiding sharing personal items like combs, helmets, clothing, and towels with others. 5) Practicing good personal hygiene to reduce the chances of being infected gradually.

Professional Help for Effective Eradication

While preventative measures are useful, they may not eradicate infestations already present in the home. Professional help is required to ensure effective eradication is done, primarily for resistant pests like bed bugs or lice.

Pest control professionals have specialized tools and knowledge to detect specific pests, apply appropriate methods and techniques, and advise on general prevention measures. It’s advisable to contact a professional immediately when an infestation occurs to avoid its spread to other areas.


Bed bugs and lice infestations can cause physical discomfort and inconvenience. But they do not pose a permanent threat to human health or property, and both are treatable.

Simple preventative measures and proper cleaning and personal hygiene can help minimize the chances of an infestation happening in the first place. In case of an infestation, a professional pest control service provider should be consulted for maximum effectiveness.

In conclusion, bed bugs and lice are two common parasitic insects that can cause discomfort and inconvenience. It’s crucial to identify their differences, behaviors, and modes of transmission to prevent and treat infestations effectively.

Proper hygiene practices, regular cleaning, and preventative pest control measures can prevent both pests from establishing a foothold in homes or properties. While neither bed bugs nor lice poses a permanent threat to human health, it is essential to address infestations promptly and with professional help if necessary.

By taking simple preventive measures and being proactive in addressing any infestation, we can help to minimize the effects of pests on our health and well-being.

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