Pest Away Tips

7 Humane Ways to Prevent and Remove Pigeons for Good

Pigeons: Common Pest Birds and Their Characteristics

Pigeons are an often-overlooked but ubiquitous part of city life. They can be seen almost everywhere in the world, perched on telephone lines, buildings, and benches.

But while they may seem harmless, pigeons can cause a lot of problems. In this article, we’ll discuss the characteristics of pigeons, their historical background, and ways to get rid of them.

Part 1: Pigeons as a Pest

Pigeons are common pest birds in urban areas. They not only create a mess but can also spread diseases.

In the past, people kept pigeons as pets, used them as messengers, and even as a source of food. However, today they are considered a nuisance in many places.

Historical Background of Pigeons

Pigeons have been around for thousands of years. They were first domesticated by the ancient Egyptians around 3000 B.C. as pets and later were used as messengers.

The Greeks and Romans also used pigeons for this purpose. For many years, pigeon racing was a popular sport.

Getting Rid of Pigeons

Eliminating food sources is a good way to discourage pigeons from hanging around. You can also try scare tactics like setting up fake birds of prey or using loud noises.

Bird spikes or pigeon repellent can also be effective ways to keep pigeons away. Additionally, there are many home remedies that people use, such as laying out aluminum foil, placing mothballs, or sprinkling cayenne pepper.

Humane traps are also effective, but it is essential to release the birds far from the capture point. Do not kill them, as this is inhumane and illegal.

Part 2: Characteristics of Pigeons

Appearance of Pigeons

Pigeons are often gray, although they can occasionally be found with other colors. They have tail feathers that are typically darker than their bodies, with black stripes on them.

Pigeons have a hooked bill, which is their distinguishing feature.

Lifespan of Pigeons

Pigeons can live up to 15 years in captivity, although those in the wild typically have a shorter lifespan due to predation or lack of food. In urban areas, capturing and relocating pigeons is often the only method of controlling their populations.

Habitat and Diet of Pigeons

Pigeons can adapt to many different environments, ranging from cliffs to attics to farms. They are primarily grain eaters, but they also eat nuts, fruits, and other food found in urban environments.

Flight Characteristics of Pigeons

Pigeons are fast flyers with a wingspan of up to 70cm making their flight impressive. They can hover in place for a few seconds and navigate using their sense of sight and sound sensitivity.


Pigeons are fascinating creatures with a long history of coexisting with humans. However, over time, they have become pests in urban areas.

Understanding their habits and characteristics is essential in controlling their populations. By following the methods mentioned above, we can keep pigeons at bay without harming them.

Part 3: Types of Pigeons

Pigeons are incredibly diverse animals with many different varieties worldwide. Some of the common types of pigeons are the rock dove, the “ordinary pigeon,” which is the one we typically see perched on buildings and telephone lines, and the extinct passenger pigeon.

The passenger pigeon was once the most abundant bird in North America, but overhunting and habitat loss led to its extinction in the early 1900s.

North American Pigeon Species

In addition to the extinct passenger pigeon species, there are many native pigeon species in North America. One example is the band-tailed pigeon, which is a game bird.

Another is the white-crowned pigeon, which is found in the Caribbean and southern Florida.

Diseases Pigeons Carry

Pigeons can also carry many diseases that can be harmful to humans. Pigeon droppings can contain histoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, psittacosis, e.coli, and salmonella, making it essential to keep areas where pigeons are present clean and free of feces.

Part 4:

Getting Rid of Pigeons: Step by Step Guide

Getting rid of pigeons can be challenging, but following several steps can make the process more manageable. Here is a step-by-step guide to pigeon control:

Step 1: Eliminating Food Sources

Pigeons prefer environments with consistent access to food, water, and shelter.

Eliminating these sources can discourage them from returning. Keep garbage covered, regularly remove lawn debris, and harvest fruit and vegetables as they ripen.

This limits their access to food sources and makes their nesting areas less desirable. Step 2: Scare Tactics

There are many methods of making pigeons feel threatened and uncomfortable in their environment.

Some tactics include predator decoys, mylar tape, reflective objects, and wind chimes to create movement and noise. These methods will disorient pigeons and make them feel less secure, making your property a less attractive location.

Step 3: Removing Birdbath

Pigeons need a water source, and removing birdbaths or other standing water sources will limit their water supply. Without a steady source of water, they will seek an alternative location.

Step 4: Roosting Spikes

Anti-roosting spikes are a physical obstruction that prevents pigeons from accessing a preferred perch. They are harmless to pigeons but make it impossible to roost, nest, or perch.

These spikes are installed with glue or screws onto areas pigeons frequent. Step 5: Pigeon-Repellent Gel

Pigeon-repellent gel is a petroleum-based, sticky substance that creates an uncomfortable roosting experience.

It’s an effective tool for controlling unwanted pigeon populations. The gel can be applied directly to surfaces where pigeons frequently land.

Step 6: Ultrasonic Devices

Ultrasonic devices emit low-frequency noises and are most often motion-activated. These devices create an unpleasant sonic environment that is uncomfortable for pigeons.

Ultrasonic systems can reach up to 6,000 square feet, making them suitable for larger areas.


Pigeons are a widespread problem in many urban environments due to their ability to adapt to different environments and their ability to carry diseases. However, with some proactive steps and dedication to solving the problem, it is possible to keep pigeons at bay and avoid any problems these pests may create.

By following the step-by-step guide above, you will be well on your way to pigeon-proofing your property. Part 5:

Getting Rid of Pigeons in Specific Locations

Pigeons can be found in many different locations, including on the roof, balcony, and barn.

Each environment requires unique pigeon control methods to ensure pigeons are deterred or eradicated effectively.

Pigeons on Roof

Pigeons often settle on roofs and build nests in gutters and on ledges. To keep pigeons off the roof, gutter shields and chimney caps can prevent pigeons from building their nests in these areas.

Anti-roosting spikes and pigeon repellent gel can also be installed on ledges and rooftop edges. Predator decoys and reflective objects, such as mylar tape, can also be used to scare pigeons away.

Pigeons on Balcony

Pigeons nesting on balconies can be controlled by removing their food source, such as pet food dishes and bird feeders. Anti-roosting spikes can be installed on perching areas.

Wind chimes and reflective decor can also be utilized to create an uncomfortable audio and visual environment, which will deter pigeons from making the area a permanent home.

Pigeons in Barn

To keep pigeons out of barns, anti-roosting spikes can be installed on roosting areas, and any nests need to be removed. Placing a few owl decoys around entrances is often an effective and humane deterrent.

Wind chimes can also be installed to keep pigeons away from the barn. Part 6: Humane Pigeon Deterrents

While some pigeon control methods can be harmful to birds, there are humane alternatives.

Pigeon Deterrent Products

Mylar tape, pigeon repellent gel, and ultrasonic repellers are some of the pigeon deterrent products available that are non-invasive and do not cause harm to birds. Mylar tape reflects sunlight and noise, making it an unpleasant environment for pigeons.

Pigeon repellent gel is a deterrent that creates discomfort for pigeons. Ultrasonic repellers emit sounds to disrupt pigeon communication, making it difficult for them to communicate.

Best Pigeon Repellent Spray

Flock Free Bird Repellent Spray is an effective pigeon repellent spray that is safe for both humans and pigeons. It contains natural ingredients such as peppermint oil and citronella oil, which have an unpleasant odor to pigeons.

The smell of these oils is offensive to pigeons, and they are deterred from making a habit of nesting in specific areas.

Homemade Pigeon Repellent

There are many recipes available for homemade pigeon repellent. One popular recipe is to mix equal parts of cinnamon, cayenne pepper, and chili powder with water.

Another option is to mix vinegar with chili pepper and garlic powder to create a potent scent that will deter pigeons. The goal is to create a smell that is not appealing to pigeons, making it less desirable for them to inhabit the area.

Natural Pigeon Repellent

Natural ingredients such as spices, chili powder, garlic powder, onion, and cumin can be effective pigeon repellents when used in specific areas. For instance, chili powder can be placed around the perimeter of a balcony to deter pigeons from landing and nesting in the area.

Pigeon Traps

Pigeon traps are an alternative to pesticides, which can harm other animals. The Alemon Bird Trap is a humane bird trap that can be used to catch and release pigeons effectively.

Alternatively, you can create your pigeon trap using a wooden frame and netting over the top.


By following humane and effective methods to control pigeon populations, we can keep them from becoming pests, without harming the birds. Whether you are trying to deter pigeons on your balcony, roof, or barn, or trying to get rid of them in an environmentally friendly way, there are many practical and humane methods available.

With a bit of research and patience, anyone can control the pigeon population effectively. Part 7:


Pigeons are fascinating creatures that are versatile and adaptable. While they may provide some benefits, such as visual interest, the problems they cause as pests far outweigh any of their positives.

Fortunately, there are many effective methods to prevent and remove pigeon populations.

Pigeon Prevention and Removal

There are several effective and humane methods to control pigeon populations. The first step is to identify the problem areas and implement hygiene measures by cleaning the area regularly of debris and pigeon droppings.

Eliminating food sources, such as bird feeders, also helps discourage pigeons from inhabiting the area. Scare tactics, such as mylar tape, predator decoys, and reflective objects, can be used to frighten pigeons and discourage them from returning.

The use of anti-roosting spikes and pigeon repellent gel are also effective methods to discourage pigeons from nesting in specific areas. Traps, such as the Alemon Bird Trap, are also effective and humane methods to catch and release pigeons.

It is important to remember that pigeons are adaptable animals. Thus, it may take a combination of methods to keep pigeon populations under control.

In addition to using scare tactics and hygiene measures, applying repellents, and installing physical deterrents can also be effective in putting an end to a pigeon problem. In conclusion, preventing and controlling pigeon populations is possible using effective and humane methods.

These methods include hygiene measures, scare tactics, physical deterrents, and the use of traps and repellents. It is essential to use a combination of these methods to ensure success in controlling and preventing pigeon populations.

With some dedication and patience, it is possible to keep pigeons away without harming them or the environment. In conclusion, this article has addressed several essential topics related to pigeons, including their history, characteristics, and the different ways to rid them, humane or otherwise.

We’ve delved into various methods to control and prevent pigeon populations, depending on the location and environment. Pigeons might be beautiful creatures to observe, but they can quickly become a nuisance when they cause damage or pose a health risk.

With the tips and techniques outlined above, we can now prevent and remove pigeons in a non-harmful way, ensuring the safety and health of both humans and pigeons, minimizing any negative consequences these birds may bring.

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