Pest Away Tips

8 Tips for Managing Coyotes in Urban Areas

Urban Coyotes: Surviving and Thriving in the City

Coyotes are often thought of as wild animals, residing only in rural areas. However, with the expansion of urban suburban areas and the decline of natural habitats, coyotes have had to adapt to survive in urban environments as well.

Urban Coyotes and Their Adaptation

Urban coyotes have adapted to life in the city in several ways. They are primarily nocturnal, avoiding humans during the day and emerging at night to hunt or scavenge.

They have also learned to use the city’s resources to their advantage, including stable cover such as parks and green spaces, and have taken advantage of the abundance of food available in urban environments.

Attracted to Cities

Urban coyotes are attracted to cities for several reasons. One key reason is the loss of natural habitat due to human development.

This, in turn, makes it more difficult for coyotes to find enough resources to survive in rural environments. In addition to the loss of habitat, which forces them to seek out new areas to inhabit, urban coyotes also face less competition.

There are fewer predators in urban environments, allowing coyotes to thrive with fewer threats to their survival. Coyotes are also attracted to food sources, such as garbage and bird feeders, and dropped food from humans.

However, not all humans welcome coyotes into their neighborhoods. To keep coyotes away from their yards, people should take steps to remove food sources.

Keeping the yard clean and ensuring that garbage is stored securely can help prevent coyotes from being attracted to an area.

Urban Coyote Behavior

Coyotes in urban environments have unique behaviors that differ from those found in rural environments. They are primarily nocturnal, which enables them to avoid human contact and reduces the risk of being hunted by larger predators.

Additionally, they have adapted their diet preferences to include a range of food sources available in urban areas.

Activity Levels

Urban coyotes are primarily active at night. This is because daytime activity increases the risk of being spotted by humans, which would lead to their habitat being disturbed by either animal control or local residents.

Diet Preferences

In urban environments, coyotes have adapted to eating a variety of different foods. They hunt small mammals like rodents and rabbits, and have also been known to prey on deer in some urban areas.

Coyotes in urban environments also consume large amounts of plant material, including grass, berries, and other fruit.

Pack Structure

Coyotes in urban environments form packs, although their structure differs from that of coyotes in rural environments. The alpha male and female coyotes in urban packs are often the only ones that breed, and they typically have larger litters than rural coyotes.

Pup-rearing season is also longer in urban environments, with pups staying with their parents for up to a year.


Despite being thought of as wild animals, coyotes have adapted well to life in urban environments. They have learned to take advantage of the resources available to them and have adjusted their behavior to live in close proximity to humans.

However, we must remember that these animals are not pets and must be respected from a safe distance. Their adaptability may allow them to thrive in urban environments, but it is important to take steps to prevent conflict between humans and coyotes to ensure the safety of both species.

Habitat and Predators

Coyotes are known for their adaptability, which has enabled them to survive in a variety of different environments. However, with the destruction of forests and the growth of urbanization, coyotes have had to adapt to an ever-changing habitat.

Habitat Destruction

Habitat destruction is one of the main challenges faced by coyotes, and this is due mainly to human activity. Urbanization and the destruction of natural habitats such as forests and grasslands have forced coyotes to shift to new territories.

Coyotes require stable cover and prey-rich environments to thrive. Urbanization has fragmented the habitat, making it harder for coyotes to find the necessary resources to survive.

The remaining habitat in urban areas is often highly fragmented and isolated, which leads to lower genetic diversity and higher risks of inbreeding in coyote populations.

Competition with Predators

Coyotes are part of a larger complex of predators and prey animals. For a long time, larger predators such as wolves and mountain lions kept coyote populations in check.

However, over time, humans have eliminated many of these alpha predators, giving coyotes the opportunity to fill the ecological niche. With the elimination of alpha predators, coyotes have faced less competition for resources, but they must also compete with other predators such as foxes and raccoons.

In addition, coyotes are prey to larger animals such as cougars who can easily overpower them.

Coyote Adaptation

Despite the challenges presented by habitat destruction and competition with predators, coyotes have shown a remarkable ability to adapt to new environments. Coyotes are attracted to fragmented cover and are able to find food in urban environments, which has enabled their survival in these areas.

City Environment and Management

The presence of coyotes in urban environments has become more common in recent years. Cities, suburbs, and the outskirts of large urban areas provide an environment in which coyotes can thrive.

City Structure and Coyote Presence

Coyotes are most commonly found in parks, golf courses, and other green spaces located within urban areas. These areas provide a source of stable cover and resources such as food and water.

Coyotes may also be found in neighborhoods on the outskirts of urban areas. This is because these areas provide a mix of urban and natural environments, which is perfect for coyotes’ adaptability.

However, coyote sightings are generally less common in densely populated areas.

Perception of Coyotes in Cities

Despite their adaptability, coyotes are often seen as pests by city residents. Many people see them as a threat to their pets and children.

As a result, lethal control methods such as traps and poison are sometimes used to control coyote populations. The use of lethal methods to control coyote populations is generally considered unacceptable.

It is important to note that such methods are often ineffective and can even increase the risk of conflicts between humans and coyotes.

Government Management and Survey Results

Governments and other organizations have been taking steps to manage coyote populations in urban areas. For example, the City of Denver conducted a study on coyote management in 2018.

The study found that lethal control methods are not effective for managing coyote populations. The city is currently focusing on non-lethal methods such as education, habitat modification, hazing, and the use of fencing and netting to reduce coyote conflicts.

Ultimately, the management of coyote populations requires a neighborhood-wide effort, and the cooperation of residents is essential for minimizing conflicts between humans and coyotes.


Coyotes have adapted remarkably to urban environments despite the challenges they face. Habitat destruction and competition with predators are obstacles that they must overcome to survive.

Nonetheless, the adaptability of coyotes has ensured their success in these areas. Government management and the cooperation of residents is essential for minimizing conflicts between humans and coyotes.

It is important to remember that coyotes are not pets and must be respected as wild animals. While at the same time the coyote population in urban areas is an opportunity for research on urban ecology.

Managing Coyote Presence

Coyotes have become increasingly common in urban areas, leading to conflicts with humans and their pets. However, there are steps that can be taken to manage coyote presence and reduce the risk of conflicts.

Removing Food Sources

One of the most effective ways to manage coyote presence is to remove food sources. Coyotes are attracted to pet food, bird feeders, garbage, and table scraps.

Removing these food sources makes it less likely that coyotes will be drawn to a particular area. Pet owners should not leave food outside for their pets, and any uneaten food should be removed, especially at night.

Bird feeders should be removed or placed out of reach of coyotes. Garbage should be stored securely, and table scraps should not be left outside.

Yard Maintenance

Coyotes use bushes, tall grass, and other vegetation for shelter and hunting. It is important to maintain yards by regularly trimming bushes, cutting grass, and removing any unnecessary vegetation.

This can help reduce hiding places and the likelihood of coyotes using a yard as a hunting ground. Homeowners should also seal off denning spots to prevent coyotes from denning underneath porches, decks, or sheds.

Coyotes often den in early spring when they are breeding and raising their young.

Pest Control Measures

If coyotes are regularly present in a particular area, homeowners should consider contacting a wildlife professional. Wildlife professionals can install fencing or other barriers to prevent coyotes from entering a yard or removing coyotes if they are causing a persistent problem.

Many nationwide pest control companies have professional pest control finders that direct homeowners to local pest control companies who specialize in trapping and removing coyotes.


Coyotes are an important part of the natural ecosystem, and their presence in urban areas can be managed to minimize conflicts with humans and their pets. Removing food sources, maintaining yards properly, and contacting wildlife professionals are all effective ways to manage coyote presence.

By taking these steps, humans and coyotes can coexist peacefully in urban areas. In conclusion, the presence of coyotes in urban and suburban areas is becoming increasingly common due to habitat destruction and a lack of competition from larger predators.

Coyotes have demonstrated impressive adaptability to urban environments, but their presence can create conflicts with humans and their pets. To manage coyote presence, it is important to remove food sources, maintain yards properly, and contact wildlife professionals if necessary.

By taking steps to effectively manage coyote populations, the risk of conflicts between humans and coyotes can be minimized, and these adaptable animals can thrive in their newly discovered urban habitats.

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