Pest Away Tips

8 Tips for Preventing Pigeon Nesting and Damage

Pigeon Nesting Habits and Prevention

Pigeons are often considered pests in urban settings. They are known to roost on buildings, leaving behind unsanitary droppings that can damage the structure.

Despite their reputation, pigeons are fascinating creatures with unique nesting habits. This article will explore why pigeons nest, where they prefer to nest, and how to prevent them from nesting where they are not welcome.

Why do pigeons nest? Pigeons nest for the same reasons as any bird – to have a safe place for their young.

The courtship behavior of pigeons often involves the male finding a suitable nesting site and presenting it to the female as part of their mating ritual. Once a pair has selected a site, they will work together to build their nest.

Duration of pigeon nesting

Pigeons have two offspring called squabs, which are born helpless and need to be cared for by their parent pigeons. Pigeons can nest year-round, especially in moderate climates, and can raise up to eight broods in a year.

A typical nesting cycle for pigeons lasts about 30-35 days, with the squabs leaving the nest by 25-28 days after hatching.

Nesting locations and habits

Pigeons prefer to nest in flat, high locations, such as on the ledges of buildings, bridges, and other structures. They like to nest in communities, with many nests located close together.

Pigeons are not picky about the materials they use to build their nests, often incorporating twigs, grass, and other debris they find in their environment. They also reuse their nests once they have established them.

Pigeon nest reuse

Pigeons mate for life and will use the same nest for up to 15 years. However, they do not clean their nests, which can lead to unsanitary conditions.

Over time, pigeon nests can accumulate droppings and debris, which can harbor parasites and bacteria such as E. coli and Salmonella.

For this reason, it’s important to keep an eye on pigeon nests and remove them as soon as possible.

Pigeon problems in cities and surrounding areas

Pigeons can cause a number of problems in cities and surrounding areas. Their droppings can be unsightly and damage buildings over time due to the corrosive nature of the uric acid contained in the droppings.

Pigeons can also carry diseases such as histoplasmosis, which can cause respiratory problems in humans.

Ways to prevent pigeon nesting

Physical deterrents are one way to prevent pigeons from nesting in unwanted areas. Netting, spikes, and wire mesh are commonly used to prevent pigeons from landing and roosting.

Visual deterrents such as predator statues or reflecting objects like aluminum foil, can also be effective in deterring pigeons. Certain smells, such as peppermint or citronella, can also be used to repel pigeons.

Windchimes can be used to create noise, which can be a deterrent to pigeons as well.

Removal of pigeon nests

In some areas, regulations exist on the removal of pigeon nests. It’s important to consult with local authorities before removing a pigeon nest.

If removal is allowed, it’s best to hire a professional to do the job since pigeon nests can contain bacteria and other harmful substances that can be dangerous to humans. Prevention is always the best course of action to avoid having to remove a nest in the first place.


Pigeons are fascinating birds with unique nesting habits, but they can also cause problems in urban and surrounding areas. Understanding their nesting habits is the key to effective prevention.

Physical and visual deterrents, scents, and noise can all be used to discourage pigeons from nesting. If removal is necessary, it’s important to follow regulations and seek professional help.

By knowing how to prevent pigeon nesting, we can minimize the problems they cause and ensure a cleaner and safer environment. In conclusion, understanding pigeon nesting habits and how to prevent them can significantly improve urban environments.

Pigeons may be fascinating creatures, but they can cause problems with their unsanitary droppings, damage to buildings, and potential health risks. Knowing why pigeons nest, where they prefer to nest, and what physical and visual deterrents can be used to prevent their nesting, is essential for minimizing their negative impact.

By taking the necessary steps to prevent pigeon nesting, we can maintain a cleaner, safer, and more pleasant living environment for all.

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