Pest Away Tips

8 Ways to Prevent and Eliminate Bed Bugs for Good

Bed Bugs: What You Need to Know

Bed bugs are small, blood-sucking insects that are often found in homes and hotels. They can cause itchy bites and emotional distress for those who encounter them.

However, understanding their behavior and feeding habits can help you prevent and eliminate infestations. In this article, we’ll dive into everything you need to know about bed bugs.

Survival without food

Bed bugs are incredibly resilient creatures. They can survive without food for up to a year, depending on the temperature and age of the bug.

They are able to go into a state of hibernation, known as diapause, which helps them survive harsh conditions. During this time, they can also become resistant to common insecticides.

Food source

Bed bugs feed on human blood, but they can also feed on animals such as dogs and cats. They are attracted to the carbon dioxide and warmth that humans and animals produce, which is why they often hide in mattresses, bed frames, and other furniture close to sleeping areas.

Feeding habits

Bed bugs are nocturnal creatures and will typically feed at night while their hosts are sleeping. They bite exposed skin, such as the arms and legs, and can leave a pattern of bites in a row.

They bite multiple times during one feeding session, and each session can last up to three to five minutes. Bed bugs can also go weeks without feeding, making them difficult to detect.

Amount of blood consumed

Despite their small size, bed bugs can consume up to six times their body weight in blood during one feeding session. This can cause a significant amount of blood loss for their hosts.

However, bed bugs do not transmit diseases through their bites.

Effects of bed bug bites

Although bed bugs do not transmit diseases, their bites can cause emotional distress and physical symptoms such as itching and swelling. Bed bugs inject saliva into their hosts during feeding, which can cause an allergic reaction in some people.

In rare cases, anaphylaxis can occur, which is a severe allergic reaction that can be life-threatening. Additionally, scratching bed bug bites can lead to secondary infections.

Prevention and elimination

Prevention is key when it comes to bed bugs. When traveling, inspect hotel rooms for signs of infestations, and immediately report any concerns to hotel staff.

If you suspect that you have brought bed bugs home with you, wash all clothes and bedding in hot water, and vacuum thoroughly. An additional step that you can take to prevent bed bugs is to use essential oils that repel them such as lavender and peppermint oil.

If you have a bed bug infestation, professional extermination may be necessary. Treatments such as steam cleaning, fumigation, and the use of diatomaceous earth can help eliminate bed bugs.

However, it is important to note that multiple treatments may be needed to fully eradicate the infestation. In conclusion, understanding bed bug behavior and feeding habits can help you prevent and eliminate infestations.

Prevention measures such as inspecting hotel rooms and using essential oils can help reduce your risk of encountering bed bugs. If you do have an infestation, seek professional extermination to fully eliminate the problem.

Remember that infestations can affect anyone and taking quick action can help control the problem. Bed Bugs Survival: Everything You Need to Know

Bed bugs are one of the most notorious pests that can invade your living space.

They are often found in your bed, or other areas where you spend a lot of time, and can be very difficult to get rid of. Bed bugs are able to survive in a variety of conditions and can quickly become a nuisances.

Understanding bed bugs survival mechanisms is crucial to identifying behaviors such as reproduction and development. In this article, we’ll discuss how bed bugs survive, their reproduction and development, and proven methods to prevent and eliminate their presence.

Factors affecting survival

Bed bugs are able to live in a range of habitats, including hotels, homes, or any other area that provides ample hiding spots. Bed bugs also have a high resistance to starvation, and can survive for months without feeding.

Temperature and humidity levels can significantly impact their chances of survival. Bed bugs prefer temperatures around 75 degrees Fahrenheit, and moderate humidity levels of 70-80 percent.

Extreme cold or hot temperatures can be fatal to bed bugs, and therefore proper temperature control is a vital step to preventing bed bug infestations.

Reproduction and development

Bed bugs are exceptional at reproducing. An adult female can lay between 200-250 eggs in her lifetime.

The eggs are laid in small crevices like the seams of your mattress or within other hidden spots. These hatch into larvae, who undergo a series of molts before reaching adulthood.

The larvae require blood meals to fully mature. With an optimal feeding environment, bed bugs can go from egg to mature adult and be fully reproductive in as little as four weeks.

It’s important to note that bed bugs are able to reproduce through inbreeding, which can lead to genetic resistance to insecticides if they are not effectively controlled.

Prevention and elimination

Preventing the spread of bed bugs is key to controlling the presence of these pests in your home or other space. A variety of methods, including the use of essential oils, steam cleaning, fumigation, and diatomaceous earth, have been developed to help eliminate bed bugs.

The effectiveness of these methods can be increased with vigilance and a preventative mindset. Essential oils such as lavender, peppermint, thyme, and tea tree oil have been shown, to have repellent effects on bed bugs.

High-temperature steam is another effective method to kill bed bugs. The harsh abrasive effects of the steam can penetrate and destroy the bed bugs, particularly when directed towards furniture or infested areas.

Notable steam cleaning machines that can be bought are the McCulloch Canister Steam Cleaner, Bissell SteamShot Steam Cleaner, Kiato Handheld Steamer.

Tips for using steam

When using steam to kill bed bugs, it’s important to focus on furniture and other infested areas that bed bugs may be hiding. Repeat the process a few days later to guarantee a higher success rate.

It is important to follow instructions carefully and use steam machines as recommended. In addition to regular cleaning, frequently vacuuming and reducing clutter can help control and prevent bed bug populations.

In conclusion, bed bugs are persistent pests that should not be ignored. Understanding their behaviors and survival mechanisms can help you prevent and eliminate infestations.

Measures such as using essential oils and steam cleaning can be home remedies to help address infestation, however it is often recommended to seek the services of a professional exterminator for effective control. By employing these methods and taking the appropriate preventive measures for infestation, you can keep bed bugs at bay and ensure your home is pest-free.

Using Fumigation to Kill Bed Bugs and Diatomaceous Earth

Dealing with bed bugs can be a frustrating and time-consuming process. Although various methods, including steam cleaning, the use of essential oils, and the use of diatomaceous earth, have been shown to be effective, fumigation remains a popular choice for killing bed bugs in large infestations.

It offers a complete eradication when applied correctly. In this article, we’ll explain how fumigation works on bed bugs, the containerized method, and precautions to take.

Additionally, we’ll also discuss the use of diatomaceous earth for bed bug eradication, the powdered material composed of silicon dioxide.

How Fumigation Works on Bed Bugs

Fumigation involves the use of a lethal gas to kill bed bugs. The gas is applied to an enclosed area, such as a specific room or an entire building, for a predetermined time.

The gas penetrates all surfaces and reaches bed bugs in cracks and crevices, killing them on contact. Fumigation works by securing the structure being treated completely, either by making it completely airtight or using custom-made fumigation tents to enclose the infested area.

The gas will then be pumped in through pipes and one of the most commonly used gases is sulfuryl fluoride that dissipates naturally, leaving no residue or odors to deal with.

Containerized Method

The containerized method involves the transfer of all household furniture and belongings to an off-site location that is free of bed bugs. Once all items are transferred out to the container, the fumigant gas is then released into a sealed chamber containing the infested items.

This prevents the spread of bed bugs, in addition to promoting infestation prevention. The advantage of this method is that bed bug elimination can be guaranteed, eliminating the need for additional treatments in the future.

Precautions to Take

Fumigation can be hazardous, and it’s essential to take precautions when handling chemicals. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) must be used when applying the chemical and ensuring it does not come in contact with your skin.

Fumigation often requires residents to leave the house or building for a specified amount of time, making sure they are not at risk of inhaling harmful chemicals. Proper airing out times are necessary before moving back in after the fumigation process.

Using Diatomaceous Earth to Kill Bed Bugs

Diatomaceous earth is a naturally occurring, powdery substance made from the fossilized remains of diatoms, which are simple aquatic organisms. The silica present in it, forms sharp microscopic edges that cut and slice the bed bug’s outer exoskeleton, causing them to dehydrate and die.

Diatomaceous earth is best used by applying it in areas where bed bugs frequent and can remain effective for long periods as long they are not exposed to moisture.

How Diatomaceous Earth Works on Bed Bugs

Diatomaceous earth’s most significant attribute in killing bed bugs is the abrasive effect of the sharp silica edges present in the dust form. It also works in a way that bed bugs do not become resistant to it, making it a long-term solution.

Unlike chemical pesticides, diatomaceous earth does not become less effective over time. It is also relatively non-toxic and harmless to humans, pets, and the environment.

Tips for Using Diatomaceous Earth

The key when using diatomaceous earth is to apply it in a way that ensures the bed bugs come into contact with it. Brush it carefully around areas suspected of bed bug infestation, and allow it to remain undisturbed for a minimum of two weeks.

Bed bugs can take time to walk across the treated area, and it needs to be dry and free of any moisture. Diatomaceous earth can also be applied directly to mattresses, bed frames, and other furniture where bed bugs have been identified.


While each bed bug infestation is unique, there are several methods available for dealing with them. Using fumigation to eradicate large infestations and diatomaceous earth to prevent infestation and reduce the number of bed bugs are two highly effective methods.

With the right techniques and precautions, you can eradicate bed bugs from your home completely, keeping your family and belongings safe and healthy. In conclusion, understanding how bed bugs survive, how to prevent and eliminate them using steam, essential oils, fumigation, and diatomaceous earth, is key to controlling and eradicating bed bugs completely.

Effective prevention of bed bugs includes inspecting your hotel rooms when traveling, reducing clutter and debris in your home, and keeping an eye out for signs such as egg casings and small, rust-colored stains in your furniture. By following these tips, and quickly dealing with any infestation, you can enjoy a pest-free home or hotel room and the peace of mind that comes with knowing you’re taking control of these pesky pests to maintain your health and wellbeing.

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