Pest Away Tips

Managing Armadillo Pests: Behavior Habitat and Control Methods

Armadillos are fascinating creatures that are found in many parts of the world. With their unique armor shell, short legs, sharp claws, and pig-like snout, they are hard to miss.

But while they may be interesting to look at, they can also be pests. In this article, we will discuss armadillos as pests, including their behavior, habitat, and control methods.

Armadillo Behavior

Armadillos are well-known for their burrowing behavior, which can cause significant structural damage and garden destruction. They are attracted to soft soil and will dig holes and tunnels to create their dens.

These burrows can undermine the foundations of buildings, walkways, and landscaping features, leading to costly repairs. In addition to burrowing, armadillos are also known to be destructive to gardens.

They have a voracious appetite for insects and other small animals, but they will also eat plants and vegetation. This can cause significant damage to garden beds, lawns, and other outdoor areas.

Armadillo Control Methods

If you have an armadillo problem, there are several control methods you can use. One option is live trapping, which involves setting traps to capture the armadillo and then releasing it in a more suitable location.

This method is effective but requires careful handling of the armadillo to avoid injury. Another option is baiting with food or treats, which can lure the armadillo into a trap or area where it can be easily captured.

Fencing is also effective in preventing armadillos from accessing certain areas. A tall, sturdy fence can keep armadillos out of garden areas and other outdoor spaces.

Finally, there are various repellents that can be used to deter armadillos from entering specific areas. Some of these repellents work by altering the scent or taste of the area, while others use sound or vibrations to scare the armadillo away.

What is an Armadillo? Armadillos are unique animals that are part of the order Edentata, which also includes sloths and anteaters.

There are roughly 20 species of armadillos, and they can be found in a range of habitats, from grasslands and savannas to rainforests and deserts. One of the most distinctive features of armadillos is their hard, armor-like shell.

This shell is made up of bony plates that are covered in tough, scaly skin. The plates are hinged together, allowing the armadillo to roll up into a ball for protection when threatened.

Armadillos also have short legs and sharp claws, which they use for digging. Their pig-like snout is sensitive and can detect insects and other small animals in the soil.

Armadillo Habitat

Armadillos are found in many different environments, but they prefer warm, wet habitats. They are most commonly found in South and Central America, but some species can also be found in the southern United States, such as the nine-banded armadillo.

Grasslands, savannas, and rainforests are among the most common habitats for armadillos. They are adept at digging and can create burrows in a variety of soil types.

Armadillos have been known to burrow under fallen trees, rocks, and even buildings.


Armadillos are fascinating creatures, but they can also be pests. Their burrowing and feeding habits can cause significant damage to structures, gardens, and outdoor spaces.

If you have an armadillo problem, there are several control methods you can use, including live trapping, baiting, fencing, and repellents. Armadillos have unique characteristics, including their armor-like shell, short legs, sharp claws, and pig-like snout.

They prefer warm, wet habitats and can be found in a range of environments, from grasslands and savannas to rainforests and deserts. While armadillos may be interesting to observe, it’s important to take steps to control their populations and prevent damage to your property.

With the right techniques and tools, you can successfully manage armadillo populations and keep your outdoor areas safe and secure.

3) Types of Armadillos

Armadillos are fascinating animals that come in a variety of shapes and sizes. There are about 20 different species of armadillos, each with its unique name and characteristics.

In this section, we will explore the different types of armadillos and their sizes.

Armadillo Variety

One of the most recognizable armadillo species is the nine-banded armadillo. This species is found in the southern United States, Central America, and South America.

It has a unique ability to jump 3-4 feet in the air when startled, a behavior known as “jumping jacks.”

Another intriguing species is the giant armadillo. As its name suggests, this armadillo is significantly larger than other species, weighing up to 140 pounds and measuring up to five feet long.

It has a unique snout, which it uses to forage for ants and termites. Unfortunately, this species is considered endangered due to habitat loss and hunting.

Other species of armadillos include the three-banded armadillo, which has the unique ability to roll into a perfect ball when threatened, and the six-banded armadillo, which is found in Brazil and is known for its distinctive six bands of armor.

Armadillo Size

Armadillos come in a range of sizes, from tiny to giant. The smallest species of armadillo is the pink fairy armadillo, which measures only 3-4 inches long and weighs less than a pound.

This species is found in central Argentina and has a unique pink coloration. The nine-banded armadillo is one of the most common species in the southern United States and is known for its medium-sized body, measuring up to two feet long and weighing up to 17 pounds.

The giant armadillo, as we mentioned earlier, is one of the largest species and can measure up to five feet long and weigh up to 140 pounds. 4)

Armadillo Behavior

Armadillos are fascinating creatures with unique characteristics and habits.

In this section, we will explore their diet and movement.

Armadillo Diet

Armadillos are opportunistic feeders that eat a variety of foods, including insects, small reptiles, amphibians, and plants. They have a keen sense of smell, which they use to locate their prey, and a long, sticky tongue, which they use to capture insects and lick up other small creatures.

While armadillos eat a range of foods, they are most well-known for their love of insects. They will eat any insect they can find, including ants, termites, beetles, and grubs.

In fact, some experts believe that armadillos may have an important role to play in controlling insect populations.

Armadillo Movement

Armadillos are fast animals that are adept at running, digging, and swimming. Their short legs and sharp claws are designed for digging, and they are capable of creating burrows in a range of soil types.

They are also surprisingly fast runners and can clock speeds of up to 30 miles per hour. One of the most intriguing armadillo behaviors is their use of their sticky tongues to capture insects.

Their tongues are incredibly long, up to a foot in length, and are covered in small bumps that help to grip and hold onto their prey. Armadillos have poor eyesight, so their keen sense of smell and their sticky tongues are crucial in locating and capturing food.


Armadillos come in a range of varieties and sizes, from the small pink fairy armadillo to the massive giant armadillo. They are opportunistic feeders that eat a range of foods, with a particular love for insects.

Armadillos are fast and agile animals that use their sharp claws and sticky tongues to move through their environments. Understanding armadillo behavior and characteristics can help you better manage and control their populations in and around your home.

5) Armadillo Risks and Diseases

Although armadillos are fascinating creatures, they can pose some health risks to humans and pets. In this section, we will explore some of the diseases that can be transmitted by armadillos and the risks of interacting with these animals.

Armadillo Transmission of Diseases

One of the most well-known health risks associated with armadillos is leprosy. Armadillos are one of the only organisms that carry the bacteria that causes leprosy, and they can transmit the disease to humans through contact with their blood, saliva, or feces.

It is important to note that the risk of contracting leprosy from armadillos is relatively low, and most cases of leprosy in the United States are caused by exposure to other humans. Armadillos can also carry rabies, a viral infection that can be transmitted to humans and pets through bites or scratches.

Additionally, armadillos can carry Chagas disease, a parasitic infection that is transmitted by a specific type of insect. Overall, the risk of contracting a disease from an armadillo is relatively low, but it is always important to take precautions when interacting with wildlife.

Armadillo Interaction with Humans and Pets

Armadillos are generally docile animals that are unlikely to attack humans or pets. However, they do have sharp claws and can scratch if they feel threatened.

It is important to approach armadillos cautiously and avoid direct contact whenever possible. If you have pets that are likely to interact with armadillos, it is important to keep them on a leash or otherwise restrained.

This can help prevent unintentional contact and reduce the risk of disease transmission. 6) How to Get Rid of Armadillos?

If you have an armadillo infestation on your property, there are several steps you can take to control their population. In this section, we will explore how to identify an armadillo infestation, control techniques, and relocation methods.

Identifying Armadillo Infestation

The first step in controlling an armadillo infestation is to identify the problem. Some common signs of an infestation include holes or burrows in your yard or garden, missing plants or vegetation, and damage to landscaping features or structures.

You can also look for signs of a food source. Armadillos are attracted to insects and other small creatures, so if you have an abundance of ants, termites, or other bugs, you may be at risk for an armadillo infestation.

Control Techniques

Once you have identified an armadillo infestation, it’s important to take steps to control their population. One effective technique is using live traps to capture and relocate armadillos.

You can set up a trap in areas where armadillos have been spotted and release the captured animal in a suitable location. Natural barriers can also be effective in deterring armadillos from entering specific areas.

For example, you can use gravel or rocks to create a barrier around garden beds or other outdoor spaces where you want to prevent armadillo access. Pest-proofing your property can also be effective in reducing the risk of armadillo infestations.

This includes filling in holes and gaps in your fencing, using insecticides to eliminate their food source, and removing potential hiding places like fallen trees or rock piles.

Armadillo Relocation

Humane trapping and relocation can be an effective method for controlling armadillo populations, but it’s important to follow proper methods and regulations. Local wildlife centers can provide recommendations for humane trapping techniques and suitable release locations.

It’s essential to remember that armadillos are important parts of their ecosystems and play a vital role in controlling insect populations. If you are experiencing an armadillo infestation, it’s important to take steps to control their spread while balancing the need for their preservation.


Armadillos can pose some health risks to humans and pets, but with proper precautions and control techniques, their populations can be managed. Identifying an armadillo infestation and taking steps to control their population can prevent damage to your property and reduce the risk of disease transmission.

Additionally, humane trapping and relocation methods can help ensure the preservation of these unique and fascinating creatures.


Armadillo Repellents

If you have an armadillo problem on your property, there are several products and methods that can be used to help repel them. In this section, we will explore different types of armadillo traps and repellents that can help keep these creatures away.

Armadillo Traps

One of the most effective ways to remove armadillos from your property is through the use of traps. Havahart and Ant March are two popular brands that offer live animal cages for trapping and relocating armadillos.

To use these traps effectively, it’s important to place them in areas where armadillos are most active. This includes near burrows, garden beds, and other areas where you have seen signs of armadillo activity.

Baits can also be used to lure armadillos into the trap, such as fruits, vegetables, or insects.

Armadillo Repellents

In addition to traps, there are several types of armadillo repellents that can help keep these creatures away from your property. Bonide Animal Repellent is a popular commercial product that uses a combination of essential oils and other natural ingredients to repel armadillos.

Castor oil is a common ingredient in many armadillo repellents and can be purchased as an industrial-grade product. Other natural repellents include ammonia, Epsom salt, pine cleaner, and cayenne pepper.

It’s important to note that while repellents can be effective, they may need to be reapplied regularly to maintain their effectiveness. Additionally, some repellents may have the potential to harm other wildlife, so it’s important to use these products with caution.

8) How to Repel Armadillos Naturally? If you prefer a natural approach to repelling armadillos, there are several methods that can be used.

In this section, we will explore homemade repellents and other techniques for keeping armadillos away. Homemade

Armadillo Repellents

One effective natural armadillo repellent can be made by mixing industrial-grade castor oil with water and liquid dish detergent.

This mixture can be sprayed around the perimeter of your property and around areas of armadillo activity. Another homemade repellent can be made by mixing crushed pepper flakes with water and spraying the solution around high-risk areas.

This solution will irritate the armadillo’s sense of smell, making your property less desirable.

Keeping Armadillos Away

In addition to using repellents, there are several other precautions you can take to help keep armadillos away from your property. Clearing brush and debris from the perimeter of your property can make it less appealing to armadillos, as they prefer wooded areas with plenty of cover.

It’s also important to use repellents early before an armadillo population establishes itself on your property. Regular maintenance and inspections around your property can help detect any potential invasion before it becomes a full-blown problem.

Finally, if you are experiencing an armadillo problem that you cannot manage with DIY repellents, it may be beneficial to seek the advice of

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