Pest Away Tips

The Ultimate Guide to Ground Bees: Types Behavior and Prevention

Ground bees, also known as digger bees, are solitary insects that are known for their underground homes with small entrance holes. They are beneficial pollinators, but their presence can also be a nuisance, especially if they build their nests near human residences.

In this article, we will discuss the various types of ground bees, their behavior, sting, and ways to prevent them from nesting.

Types of Ground Bees or Digger Bees

There are several types of ground bees, including miner bees, sweat bees, and mining bees. These bees are called ground bees because they tend to nest in the ground, mostly in dry and sandy soils in open areas.

They are solitary insects, meaning they do not live in colonies and do not have a hive or queen. Female ground bees dig small, tubular tunnels in the soil, where they lay their eggs and provide food for their offspring.

Ground Bees vs. Yellow Jackets

One common misconception is that ground bees are the same as yellow jackets, but they are very different from each other.

Yellow jackets are much more aggressive than ground bees and are known for their protection of their nests. When threatened, yellow jackets attack in large numbers and can cause serious harm.

On the other hand, ground bees are less aggressive and usually only sting when provoked.

Ground Bee Sting

Ground bee stings are typically less painful than other bee stings, but they can still cause an allergic reaction in some people. If you get stung by a ground bee, apply calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream to help soothe the skin.

If the sting causes a severe reaction or difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Getting Rid of Ground Bees

If you want to get rid of ground bees, there are a few methods you can try. Chemical methods such as insecticides can be effective, but they may also harm other beneficial insects in the area.

It’s best to consult an exterminator if you choose to use these methods. Alternatively, you can use natural methods to repel ground bees.

One way to do this is by covering the nesting holes with sturdy objects like bricks to prevent the female bees from laying eggs. Another natural option is to sprinkle cinnamon in the area where the ground bees are nesting.

The scent of cinnamon can be annoying to bees and may drive them away. Lastly, you can create a vinegar spray by mixing equal parts vinegar and water and spray it around the nesting area.

The scent of vinegar can help to vacate the area of bees.

Preventing Ground Bees from Nesting

The best way to prevent ground bees from nesting is to eliminate likely nesting sites. One way to do this is by ensuring areas with moist soil are not watered too frequently.

Avoid overwatering, using sprinklers, or other water sources that can create ideal breeding grounds for adult female bees. Additionally, always keep an eye out for signs of nesting activity.

Check regularly in areas such as gardens, lawns, and flower beds for any ground holes. When you notice them, discourage nesting by filling the holes with sand or soil.

Ground-Nesting Bee Facts

Ground-nesting bees are fascinating creatures that form colonies that are quite complex. The nesting sites of these bees are underground, and they lay their eggs in wax-lined nests.

They are known to be excellent pollinators as they help disperse the pollen of flowers in wild meadows and hedgerows in many environments.

Honey Bees and Bumble Bees

Honeybees do not nest in the ground but prefer to look for protective cavities such as trees, hollow logs, or buildings to build their unique hives. They are colony insects that have multiple jobs to support the continued lifecycle of the colony.

Bumblebees are only found above the equator and can be identified by their large size, hairy bodies, and black and yellow coloration. They are excellent pollinators, and their nests are often found in tree cavities, bird boxes, and nests that have been abandoned by rodents.

Ground Bees and Honey Production

Ground bees are beneficial to honey production because they help pollinate the flowers that eventually produce honey. Different flowering plants can provide nectar and pollen, which contributes to the diverse flavor and character of honey.


Overall, ground bees are not dangerous but can be a nuisance for those who encounter them. While they may sting if provoked, they are mostly docile and are known to be helpful to the environment.

In case you want to remove ground bees from your property, you can choose natural methods of repelling the bees and try and prevent them from nesting in the first place. Knowing the facts about these insects can help you make informed decisions about your approach to handling them.

What Kind of Bees Live in the Ground? Ground-nesting bees, also known as digger bees, are a group of solitary insects that nest in the ground.

Unlike honeybees and bumblebees, which are social insects and live in nests or hives, ground bees are solitary insects. The female ground bees are responsible for raising their young and creating their nests.

There are several types of ground bees, including Andrena, Halictus, Colletes, and Lasioglossum. Andrena bees are large, fuzzy, and black, with yellow markings on their bodies.

Halictus bees are small and metallic green or blue, with stripes across their bodies. Colletes bees are similar in appearance to Andrena bees, but with subtle differences in size and markings.

Lasioglossum bees are small and slender with yellow stripes or spots on their bodies. What Do Ground Bees Look Like?

Ground bees vary in appearance depending on the species. However, they are generally fuzzy, yellow, and black, or metallic green or blue, with subtle differences in size and markings.

The female bees are usually larger than the males and have longer antennae. Ground bees are not to be confused with yellow jackets, which are aggressive and have a black and yellow striped appearance.

Are Ground Bees Aggressive? Ground bees are generally not aggressive, and they are often friendly and docile.

They typically do not sting unless provoked or disturbed, and even then, they only become aggressive when defending their nest. Ground bees are active during the day and return to their nest at night, making it easier for humans to avoid disturbing them accidentally.

Are Ground Bees Protected? Ground bees are not considered to be protected or endangered, but other bee species are.

The rusty-patched bumblebee, for example, is a species that has been listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. Protecting bees is important, as they are critical pollinators that contribute to the growth and health of ecosystems globally.

Digger Bees Treatment

If you have a ground bee nest on your property, there are several options for treating it. You can use natural repellent methods, such as planting flowers and herbs that are unappealing to bees, or sprinkling essential oils like peppermint or clove around the nest area.

These methods are best applied at night when the bees are less active. You may also consider contacting a professional pest control service, who can safely and effectively remove the nest without harming the bees.

In conclusion, ground bees, also known as digger bees, are a diverse group of pollinators that are typically docile and not aggressive unless provoked. They nest in the ground and are responsible for raising their young.

There are several types of ground bees, each with unique appearances and behaviors. It is essential to protect bees, including ground bees, as they are critical pollinators that contribute to our ecosystems’ health.

If you need to remove a ground bee nest, there are several natural and professional options that can be used to ensure that the bees are not harmed. In conclusion, understanding the behavior, appearance, and treatment options for different types of ground bees is essential for anyone who wants to coexist with these beneficial pollinators.

Ground bees are responsible for raising their young and contribute to the health of local ecosystems. Knowing how to prevent them from nesting on your property, and using natural or professional methods to safely manage their presence, is critical.

Remember, by respecting the diversity and significance of different bee species, we can help maintain the balance of our ecology and enjoy the benefits of their important work.

Popular Posts